طراحى مدل سازمان کثرت‌گرا درصنعت هوایى

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

این مطالعه با رویکردى توصیفى-پیمایشى درصدد طراحى مدل سازمان کثرت گرا در صنعت هوایى ایران است. مسئله اصلى تحقیق این است که صنعت هوایى در حال حاضر به لحاظ عناصر اصلى سازمان فاقد توان لازم جهت تعامل مثبت با عناصر متکثر و تناقض گونه محیط بیرونى و درونى سازمان است. به همین منظور، 54 مولفه اصلى سازمانهاى کثرت‌گرا از روى ادبیات موضوع استخراج و سپس هشت مولفه اصلى در محیط صنعت هوایى از طریق اجراى فن دلفاى و با حضور 30 تن از اساتید دانشگاهى و خبرگان صنعتى استخراج گردید. سپس مدل مفهومى سازمان کثرتگرا در صنعت هوایى از روى 8 مولفه یا سازه اصلى حاصل، شناسایى و ترسیم گردید. در ادامه پرسشنامهاى جهت آزمون فرضیات تهیه و پایایى و روایى پرسشنامه از طریق آزمون‌هاى آلفاى کرونباخ و تحلیل عاملى تاییدى ارزیابى شد. در نهایت، آزمون فرض براى 16 فرضیه، از طریق تحلیل مسیر و معادلات ساختارى انجام گردید و پس از آن، مدل مفهومى مورد تایید قرار گرفت. این تحقیق نشان داد که مولفه‌هاى اصلى یک سازمان کثرت‌گرا شامل تنوع ذینفعان محیطى، ساختار متکثر، فناورى غیرتکرارى و منابع انسانى متنوع موجب تمایل سازمان به کثرت‌گرایى و سپس ظهور مولفه‌هایى مثل تفکیک افقى، شبکه سازى و گرایش به نقشه راه مى‌شوند و هر یک داراى رابطه‌اى قوى با یکدیگر مى‌باشند. بعلاوه، شاخص‌هاى مهم و اثرگذار هر سازه نیز از روى ادبیات موضوع مشخص گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pluralistic Organization Model Design for Aviation Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad ALi Sarlak
  • Seyed Ali Akbar Ahmadi
  • Amir Hosein Amir Khani
  • Amir Nikzad
Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

The present study seeks to design a pluralistic organizational model in Iranian Aviation Industries Organization through a descriptive survey. The main concern of the study is that the main organizational elements of the current aviation industry are not capable of positive interaction with the pluralistic and paradoxical elements of its external and internal environments. To solve this problem, a survey is performed on the literature, and 54 main values of pluralistic organizations are extracted and then reduced to 8 main values using Delphi technique and 30 academic and industrial experts' opinions. Furthermore, the conceptual model of a pluralistic organization in aviation industry is designed by the interaction of 8 extracted values through Delphi technique. A questionnaire is then designed, and its reliability and validity tested by Cronbach's Alpha and affirmative factor analysis. Moreover, hypothesis testing for 16 hypotheses is performed through route analysis which leads to the approval of the conceptual model. This study indicates that "varied environmental stakeholders", "pluralistic structure", "non-occurrence technology" and "varied human resources" will drive the organization to show pluralistic behaviors, such as horizontal integrating, networking and road-mapping. Also, the results show that such values have strong interaction with each other, while the most related variable in each value is identified too.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Pluralistic Organization
  • Networking
  • Road-mapping
  • Paradoxical Elements
  • horizontal resolution

 

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