عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study is an interdisciplinary survey to identify the sociological basis of aviation technologies based on four well-known sociological paradigms: functionalism, interpretivism, humanism and structuralism. First, the main technologies of aviation industry are listed with a preliminary introduction to sociological paradigms. The main idea of the present study is to propose a conceptual framework for the classification and interpretation of aviation industry technologies philosophically, sociologically and technologically on the basis of a matrix created by integrating technological criteria in Perrow's typology with that of Burrell and Morgan's sociological paradigms. Based on the results of a questionnaire with a sample of 15 experts, aviation technologies location in each matrix is identified and finally four sets of technologies determined: functional technologies, interpretive technologies, humanistic technologies and structural technologies. At the end, some suggestions are proposed.
1- Daft, R. L. “New Era of Management” USA: Thomson Southwestern, 2008.
2- Scott, W.R. “Organizations: Rational, Natural, and Open Systems” 2nd Edition, USA, NJ: Printice-Hall, 1992.
3- Hatch, M.J. “Organization Theory: Modern, Symbolic, and Post-Modern Perspectives” UK: Oxford University Press, 2006.
4- Woodward, J. “Management and Technology” London: Oxford University Press, 1958.
5- Pugh, D.S., Hickson, D.J., Hinings, C.R. McDonald, K.M. Turner, C. and Lupton, T. “A Conceptual Scheme for Organizational Analysis” Administrative Science Quarterly, 8, pp. 289-315, 1963.
6- Thompson, J. “Organizations in Action” New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967.
7- Perrow, C. “A Frame work for Comparative Organizational Analysis” American Sociological Review, 32(2), pp.194-208, 1967.
8- Gokturk, E. “What is a Paradigm” Sweden, 2002. Available at: www.egs.edu/faculty/agamben
9- Kuhn, T. “The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” 3rd Edition, USA: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
10- Burrell, G. and Morgan, G. “Sociological Paradigms and Organizational Analysis” USA: Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1979.