مدلی برای بهبود خودسازمان دهی و یادگیرندگی شبکه های نوآوری در پارک علم و فناوری اهواز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

نوآوری عامل برتری ملتها و ایجاد ثروت و دستیابی به پیشرفت محسوب میشود. کشورهای مختلف برای توسعة نوآوری، سیاستها و برنامههای خاصی را تدوین و پیادهسازی میکنند. یکی از راهکارهای توسعة فناوریهای پیشرفته و نوآوری، رویکرد شبکههای نوآوری است. این شبکهها مبتنی بر همکاری و یادگیری هستند. در دهة اخیر، تأکید قابل توجهی بر خودسازماندهی شبکههای نوآوری و یادگیرندهبودن آنها شده است. اما با این وجود، خلاء بررسی نحوة بهبود آن و تبیین دقیق آثار و پیشنیازهای آن در ایران وجود دارد. پژوهش حاضر با این هدف، به بررسی شبکههای نوآوری در پارک علم و فناوری اهواز پرداخته است. روش پژوهش کمّی و از نوع پیمایش با ابزار پرسشنامه است. برای تأیید روایی پرسشنامه با 11 نفر از خبرگان مصاحبه انجام و سپس پرسشنامهای بین شرکتهای پارک علم و فناوری توزیع شد. تعداد 25 شرکت در این پژوهش مشارکت نمودند. جهت تحلیل دادهها از آزمونهای رگرسیون و تحلیل مسیر با نرمافزار SPSS استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج بهدستآمده، عوامل مختلفی نظیر توانمندی شرکتها، تعبیهشدگی شبکه و محیط مساعد میتوانند تأثیر گوناگونی بر توسعة همکاریها، خودسازماندهی و یادگیرندهبودن شبکه داشته باشند. همچنین خودسازماندهی و یادگیرندگی این شبکه نیز تأثیر گوناگونی بر توسعة برونداد نوآوری و اثربخشی شبکه دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Proposing a Model for Improving the Self-Organization and Learning of Innovation Networks in Ahwaz Science and Technology Park

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sha’ban Elahi
  • Ali Shayan
  • Sepehr Ghazinoory
  • Hamid Khodadad Hosseini
Tarbiat Modares University
چکیده [English]

Innovation is considered as a factor of nations' advantage and reaching wealth and development. Countries make and implement special policies for innovation development. One way of developing innovation is innovation networks approach. These networks are based on cooperation and learning. In the last decade, there was a major focus on the self-organization and learning of networks, but there is not enough evidence for such studies in Iran. This survey research aims to study through a questionnaire the innovation network of Ahwaz Science and Technology Park, in Ahwaz, Iran. The questionnaire is validated by interviewing 11 experts, and is distributed among 25 companies based in the park. To analyze the data, we perform path analysis and regression test using SPSS software. According to the results, different factors, such as enabling companies, networks embeddedness and favorable environment, have different effects on the cooperation, self-organization and learning of innovation networks. In addition, these factors have different effects on innovation development and network efficiency.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Innovation
  • Innovation Network
  • Ahwaz Science and Technology Park
  • Self-Organization
  • Learning
  • Science and Technology Policy-making
  • Embeddedness

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