مفهوم سازی مدیریت فناوری مبتنی بر رویکرد تحلیل محتوا و خوشه سازی سازه های تعاریف

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات

چکیده

این مقاله بر مرور نظاممند تعریفهای ارائه شده از سوی نویسندگان مختلف از مدیریت فناوری و مفاهیم پیرامون آن مانند هدفهای مدیریت فناوری، فرآیندهای مدیریت فناوری و سایر موارد متمرکز است. مرور مبانی نظری نشان میدهد که یکپارچگی چندانی میان نویسندگان مختلف وجود ندارد، بنابراین ضروری است تا تعریفی یکپارچه از مدیریت فناوری ارائه شود. برای برای شناسایی رویکردهای غالب نویسندگان مختلف در این پژوهش از روش تجزیه و تحلیل محتوای تعریفها از نوع تجزیه و تحلیل کمّی استفاده شدهاست. برای شمارش فراوانی واژهها از نرم افزار NVIVO و برای خوشهبندی تعریفهای استخراجشده، از نرم افزار QDAminer استفاده شدهاست. نتایج پژوهش نشان میدهد که حداقل سه رویکرد عمده در میان نویسندگان مختلف وجود دارد که عبارتند از: تعریفهای مبتنی بر هدف مدیریت فناوری، تعریفهای مبتنی بر ماهیت مدیریت فناوری و تعریفهای مبتنی بر فرآیندهای مدیریت فناوری. در نهایت، مقالة حاضر پس از تجزیه و تحلیل محتوای تعریفهای جمعآوریشده به ارائة تعریفی مناسب از مدیریت فناوری پرداخته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Conceptualizing Technology Management Based on Content Analysis and Clustering the Constructs of Definitions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Mohammadi 1
  • Saeed Roshani 2
  • Nafiseh Rezaeinik 3
1 Tehran of University
2 Allameh Tabatabae’i University
3 Islamic Azad University
چکیده [English]

This paper is focused on a systematic review of definitions offered in the literature of technology management and related concepts, such as the aims and processes of technology management. The reviews show that there is no consensus about definitions among researchers of this field, so it is necessary to propose an integrated definition for technology management. In this study, to identify researchers' approaches, we use a quantitative content analysis method for different technology management definitions. Also, NVIVO software is used to count the frequencies of words, and QDA miner software for clustering different definitions. According to the results, clustering different definitions of technology management indicates that there are at least three main approaches: 1) Goal-oriented definitions; 2) Nature-oriented definitions; and 3) Process-oriented definitions. Finally, after analyzing the content of the definitions, we propose a new and appropriate definition for technology management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Management Definitions
  • technology management aims
  • technology management processes
  • technology management nature

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