پیکربندی سازوکارهای کنترلی در شرکتهای نوآور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشگاه شهید بهشتی،

چکیده

نظریههای سنتی مدیریت، ‌‌کنترل و نوآوری را نقطة مقابل یکدیگر میدانستند و استدلال میکردند که نظامهای کنترلی مانعی بر سر راه خلاقیت و نوآوری در درون سازمان هستند و اصولاً نوآوری با درجة رسمیت سازمانی رابطه  عکس دارد. اما رویکردهای جدید مطرح شده در ادبیات ‌‌کنترل و پژوهشهای تجربی جدید نشان میدهند که ‌‌کنترل بر خلاف نگاه سنتی تنها پدیده‌‌‌ای غیرمنعطف، ایستا و متمرکز بر استانداردسازی و کمینهسازی تنوع و تازگی نیست و ‌‌‌نظام‌‌های ‌‌کنترل رسمی میتوانند نقش مثبت و معناداری در فرآیند مدیریت نوآوری ایفا نمایند. در این مقاله با استفاده از رویکرد پیکربندی و از طریق توسعة چهار پیکربندی، چارچوب جدیدی برای سازگار کردن ‌‌کنترل و نوآوری در سازمان‌‌‌‌ها مفهومی سازمانی ارائه میشود. دو پیکربندی از میان پیکربندیهای استخراج شده، زمینه و بستر لازم برای بروز نوآوری را فراهم میسازند. به عبارت دیگر، سازمان‌‌‌‌‌هایی که بهدنبال نوآوری هستند و اقتضائات سازمانی آنها، نوآوری را الزامی میسازد، باید از ‌‌سازوکار‌‌های کنترلی مطرحشده در این دو پیکربندی استفاده نمایند تا امکان بروز نوآوری فراهم گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Configuration of Control Mechanisms in Innovative Corporations

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Mahmoud Hosseini 1
  • Ali Rezaeian 1
  • Manijeh Ghareche 2
  • Isa Parizadi 1
1 Shahid Beheshti University
2 Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

According to traditional management theories, control and innovation are two opposite ends of a continuum. These theories argue that control systems create serious obstacles for creativity and innovation, and in principle, organization's degree of formality is in inverse relation with innovation. But the new proposed approaches in control literature and experimental researches show that control is not only a rigid and static concept concentrated on standardization and minimizing the diversity and novelty, but formal control systems could also positively affect innovation management process. This paper tries to develop a new framework for making innovation compatible with control in organizations by configuration approach, presenting four conceptually organizational configurations. Two of the configurations provide the necessary context for innovation. In other words, organizations can use these two configurations to make the emergence of innovation possible.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • control package
  • managerial control
  • Strategic Control
  • Innovation
  • configuration approach

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