عنوان مقاله [English]
The transfer of technology makes possible the access to and acquisition of technology to be used effectively for economical and technological growth of industry and the improvement of quality. It is achieved in an organization when there is an integrated and systematic model for it based on technology maturity levels and nature, so that the right technology can be identified, transferred and applied. The purpose of this study is identifying factors affecting the transfer of technology from research and development (R&D) sector to industry in Iranian defense industries and providing a local model for it. For this purpose, after reviewing the literature of the subject and the current models of technology transfer, and interviewing industry experts, the factors affecting technology transfer are categorized in six dimensions of strategy, transferor, technology, transferee, results and achievements and, the method of the transfer. Then, by interviewing and surveying 10 experts, distributing a questionnaire among 40 experts and by using T-test, the effects of these factors on technology transfer are examined in defense industries. Finally, based on the known factors and the interviews, the final and local model of the study is designed. The results show that technology transfer must be taken into account from the beginning of a project feasibility phase. Moreover, cooperation between transferor and transferee has to be maintained in order to promote the level of the transferred elements. The opposed model can contribute to the success of technology transfer projects.
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