ارائه مدل انتقال فناوری از بخش تحقیق و توسعه به صنعت در صنایع دفاعی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علم و صنعت

2 دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی تهران

چکیده

انتقال فناوری، امکان دسترسی و کسب فناوری جهت کاربرد مؤثر آن برای توسعه اقتصادی و رشد فناورانه صنعت و بهبود کیفیت و کارآمدی را فراهم می نماید و زمانی در یک سازمان محقق می شود که برای آن مدلی یکپارچه و نظام مند و متناسب با سطح بلوغ فناوری و ماهیت آن وجود داشته باشد تا فناوری درست شناسایی شود، انتقال یابد و بکار رود. هدف این مقاله، شناسایی عوامل موثر بر انتقال فناوری از بخش تحقیق وتوسعه به صنعت در صنایع دفاعی و ارائه مدل بومی برای آن می باشد. برای این منظور، پس از بررسی ادبیات موضوع و مدل های رایج انتقال فناوری و مصاحبه با صاحب نظران و متخصصان صنایع دفاعی، عوامل موثر بر انتقال فناوری در 6 بعد راهبردی، انتقال دهنده، فناوری، انتقال گیرنده، نتایج و دستاوردها و روش انتقال دسته بندی شدند. در ادامه با استفاده از مصاحبه و نظرسنجی از 10 نفر از متخصصان و همچنین با توزیع پرسش نامه در بین 40 نفر از کارشناسان مرتبط و اجرای آزمون تی، تاثیر این عوامل بر انتقال فناوری در صنایع دفاعی بررسی گردید. در نهایت با توجه به عوامل شناخته شده و بر اساس مصاحبه با کارشناسان مرتبط با موضوع، مدل نهائی و بومی این پژوهش طراحی گردید. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، انتقال فناوری باید فرآیندی از ابتدای فاز امکان سنجی پروژه در نظر گرفته شود و در کنار آن، تداوم همکاری انتقال دهنده با گیرنده جهت ارتقای سطح عناصر منتقل شده باید مورد تاکید قرار گیرد. بکارگیری مدل این پژوهش می تواند به موفقیت پروژه انتقال فناوری کمک شایانی نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing a Model for Technology Transfer from R&D to Industry in Defense Industries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Forozandeh 1
  • Seyed Mahdi Ghanadian 2
  • Mohammadreza Hooshmand 1
1 University of Science and Technology
2 Islamic Azad University
چکیده [English]

The transfer of technology makes possible the access to and acquisition of technology to be used effectively for economical and technological growth of industry and the improvement of quality. It is achieved in an organization when there is an integrated and systematic model for it based on technology maturity levels and nature, so that the right technology can be identified, transferred and applied. The purpose of this study is identifying factors affecting the transfer of technology from research and development (R&D) sector to industry in Iranian defense industries and providing a local model for it. For this purpose, after reviewing the literature of the subject and the current models of technology transfer, and interviewing industry experts, the factors affecting technology transfer are categorized in six dimensions of strategy, transferor, technology, transferee, results and achievements and, the method of the transfer. Then, by interviewing and surveying 10 experts, distributing a questionnaire among 40 experts and by using T-test, the effects of these factors on technology transfer are examined in defense industries. Finally, based on the known factors and the interviews, the final and local model of the study is designed. The results show that technology transfer must be taken into account from the beginning of a project feasibility phase. Moreover, cooperation between transferor and transferee has to be maintained in order to promote the level of the transferred elements. The opposed model can contribute to the success of technology transfer projects.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Transfer
  • factors affecting technology transfer
  • research and development (R&D)
  • Defense Industries

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