بررسی رفتار تسهیم دانش کارکنان در یک سازمان با فناوری پیشرفته مبتنی بر نظریه رفتار برنامه ریزی شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

چکیده

تسهیم دانش بین کارکنان، مؤلفهای کلیدی برای دستیابی به مزیت رقابتی پایدار در اقتصاد پویای کنونی و به ویژه در سازمانهای با فناوری پیشرفته میباشد. تسهیم دانش اثربخش میان کارکنان میتواند به طور قابل ملاحظهای بر زمان، هزینه و کیفیت فعالیتهای تحقیقوتوسعه در چنین سازمانهایی تاثیر بگذارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نحوه شکلگیری رفتار تسهیم دانش در یک سازمان با فناوری پیشرفته مبتنی بر نظریه رفتار برنامهریزیشده انجام شد. برای این منظور ضمن مرور ادبیات، عوامل مؤثر بر رفتار تسهیم دانش استخراج ‌‌و مدل مفهومی و فرضیههای پژوهش طراحی گردید. روش این پژوهش، از نوع توصیفی ـ پیمایشی و ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه بوده است. برای آزمون فرضیهها، از روش حداقل مجذورات جزئی (PLS) استفاده شد. نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل 112 داده گردآوری شده از جامعه آماری، اثر مثبت و معنادار نگرش نسبت به تسهیم دانش، هنجارهای ذهنی و کنترل رفتاری درکشده بر قصد تسهیم دانش را تایید نمود. علاوه بر این، نتایج پژوهش، از اثر مثبت و معنادار قصد تسهیم دانش و کنترل رفتاری درکشده بر رفتار تسهیم دانش حمایت کرد. در نهایت با توجه به یافتهها، توصیههایی برای شاغلان حرفهای حوزه مدیریت دانش به منظور ترغیب تسهیم دانش میان کارکنان به همراه پیشنهادهایی برای محققان آتی جهت پوشش شکافهای پژوهش حاضر ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Examining Knowledge-sharing Behavior in a High-Tech Firm Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyyed Mahdi Hosseini Sarkhosh
  • Peyman Akhavan
  • Ali Kia
  • Alireza Aminpour
Malek-Ashtar University of Technology
چکیده [English]

Employees' knowledge-sharing is a key to achieve sustainable competitive advantage in current dynamic economy, especially in high-tech firms. Effective knowledge-sharing among employees can considerably affect the time, cost and quality of research and development activities in such organizations. Therefore, this paper is aimed at examining how to form knowledge-sharing behavior in a high-tech firm based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). To do so, after reviewing the literature on knowledge-sharing determining factors, TPB is explained. Then, the conceptual model and research hypotheses are discussed. A descriptive-survey method is used and a questionnaire developed for gathering data. Also, partial least squares (PLS) method is used to test the research hypotheses. The results of analyzing data gathered from the statistical population show that attitude toward knowledge-sharing, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control have significant positive effects on knowledge-sharing intention. Additionally, the research findings indicate that knowledge-sharing intention and perceived behavioral control significantly influence knowledge-sharing behavior. Finally, some practical implications are offered for knowledge management practitioners to foster employees' knowledge-sharing, and some suggestions for future works to overcome current research shortcomings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • knowledge-sharing
  • the theory of planned behavior (TPB)
  • Subjective Norms
  • Perceived Behavioral Control

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