تاثیر ظرفیت جذب در اثربخشی فرآیند انتقال بین‌المللی فنّاوری؛ بررسی قطعه سازهای حاضر در پروژه موتور ملی EF7

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده مدیریت، علم و فناوری، دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

3 دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

در عصر دانش و فناوری، مزیت رقابتی سازمانها بیش از آنکه وابسته به منابع فیزیکی باشد، به داراییهای دانشی و توانایی آنها در جذب دانش و فناوری خارجی وابسته است. هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی تاثیر ابعاد ظرفیت جذب در اثربخشی فرایند انتقال فناوری موتور ملی EF7 از طریق بررسی شرکتهای حاضر در آن پروژه میباشد.در این راستا 4 فرضیه ارائه و برای تحلیل مدل، از آزمونهای تحلیل واریانس و رگرسیون با استفاده از دادههای پنج شرکت قطعهسازی لاتون، واشر مشهد، شرکت STYM، پیستونسازی تبریز و فراصنعت شمال استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان میدهد که ظرفیت جذب کلیه شرکتهای مورد مطالعه بهطور معناداری با اثربخشی انتقال فناوری مرتبط میباشد، بهطوریکه شرکتهایی که از ظرفیت جذب بالاتری قبل از آغاز پروژه طراحی موتور ملی EF7 برخوردار بودند، به سطح بالاتری از توانمندیها پس از اتمام پروژه یادشده دست یافتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Absorptive Capacity in Effectiveness of International Technology Transfer: Investigation of Part Suppliers in EF7 Project

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Majidpour 1
  • Arman khaledi 2
  • Shohreh Nasri 3
  • Ali Saber 3
  • Mohammad Reza Minaee 3
1 Research Associate, Faculty of Management, Science and Technology Amirkabir University of Technology
2 Tarbiat Modares University
3 Tarbiat Modares University
چکیده [English]

In era of knowledge and technology, the completive advantage of companies depends on their knowledge assets and their capabilities to absorb external technologies rather than their physical assets. The ultimate aim of current research is to investigate the influence of dimensions of absorptive capacity in success of international technology transfer process for the Iranian National Engine (EF7) project by elaborating the manufacturing companies which accompany the project. Therefore, four hypotheses are proposed and tested in five manufacturing companies namely, STYM, Laton, IMPC, Mashad Washer and Fara Sanat, those which engaged in the project. Also the model was analyzed through regression and variance methods by data gathered from the five aforementioned companies. The results show that the level of absorptive capacity of companies significantly affects the effectiveness of technology transfer in so called project; companies having higher level of absorptive capacity before starting the project were able to achieve a higher level of technological capabilities after ending the project.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • absorptive capacity
  • Technology Transfer
  • EF7 National Engine

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