بررسی چرایی عدم پذیرش فناوری آبیاری قطرهای توسط کشاورزان در شهرستان سلماس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

2 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

3 پژوهشکده سیاست گذاری علم فناوری و صنعت، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف

چکیده

 
با توجه به کم‌‌آبی فزاینده در دنیا، لازم است روشهای کشاورزی به منظور افزایش بهرهوری اصلاح شود. با این حال به نظر میرسد در مناطقی که با معضل کمآبی دستوپنجه نرم میکنند، مشکلاتی وجود دارد که مانع از پذیرش فناوریهای نوین توسط کشاورزان میشود. برای بررسی این مشکل، فناوری آبیاری قطرهای در شهرستان سلماس از منطقهی دریاچهی ارومیه مورد واکاوی قرار گرفته است.
 
یافتههای پژوهش نشان میدهد که ناآگاهی، ذهنیت دولتی، خوانش عدم صرفهی اقتصادی، سیاستگذاری و پیادهسازی نامناسب دولت، بیاعتمادی به دولت، خوانش ناکارآیی فناوری، تجربهی ناموفق همکاران، عدم رغبت به پیشقدمی و عدم احساس مسئولیت اجتماعی در قبال مصرف صیانتی دلایل عام عدم پذیرش فناوری آبیاری قطرهای بین کشاورزان سلماس است. همچنین برای مناطق شرق سلماس، ناهماهنگی ارگانهای دولتی یکی از دلایل تأثیرگذار تلقی میشود. مردم جنوب سلماس دارای احساس ناامنی ناشی از اختلاط قومیاند و مردم غرب سلماس به دلیل احساس نیاز کمتر، تمایل به حفظ زیبایی و دستنخوردگی طبیعی زمین دارند و علاقهای به استفاده از آبیاری قطرهای ندارند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impediments to Adoption of Agricultural Technologies in Regions with Water Shortage from the Viewpoint of Farmers: The Case of Drip Irrigation in SALMAS

نویسندگان [English]

  • Pooria Choobchian 1
  • Mehdi Kiamehr 2
  • Ali Maleki 3
1 Sharif University of Technology
2 Graduate School of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology
3 Institute for Research in Science, Technology and Industry Policies, Sharif University of Technology
چکیده [English]

Regarding water crises in the world it is necessary to change and reform agricultural methods in order to increase efficacy.  Although it seems that farmers in some regions do not accept new technologies due to some problems. To address these problems, drip irrigation technology was investigated in Salmas near to zone Lake Urumia. Despite the government supports, the adoption of drip irrigation technologies in the SALMAS region is even lower than its neighbouring regions with less shortage of water crises. Through a qualitative, exploratory research based on the literature of technology adoption, this paper tries to uncover the reasons behind this lower than expected level of adoption among farmers. The findings suggest that farmers in the southern parts of the region suffer from insecurities that are caused by ethnic diversity of the local communities. The farmers in the western part, however, prefer having a pretty field over consuming less water. The implications for theories and practice are outlined.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Innovation
  • adoption of technology
  • Drip Irrigation
  • Lake Urumia

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