شناسایی بازیگران اصلی و نقش‌های کلیدی در اکوسیستم نوآوری نوپاها: مطالعه‌ای در استان همدان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران،ایران.

2 استادیار دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران،ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت تکنولوژی، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران،ایران.

چکیده

نوآوری در برترین نسل خود از طریق تعاملات گسترده و تبادل دانش و محصولات در بین کنشگرانی با ویژگی‌های حیات‌گونه به وقوع می‌پیوندد. این خصوصیات در قالب مفهوم اکوسیستم بهتر درک شده و امکان سیاست‌گذاری می‌یابد؛ به خصوص هنگامی که ریزارگانیزم‌هایی نسبتا نوآور و وابسته به محیط یعنی نوپاها مورد توجه باشند. این پژوهش اکوسیستم نوآوری نوپاها را با هدف شناسایی بازیگران اصلی و نقش‌های کلیدی آن مورد مطالعه قرار داده است. تحقیق دارای دو مرحله کیفی و کمی است. بخش کیفی مرور نظام‌مند ادبیات ده سال اخیر طی هفت مرحله شامل تعیین کلمات کلیدی، جستجو، سازماندهی، ارزیابی، گسترش، تفسیر و ارائه است. حاصل این بخش شناسایی دانشگاه‌ها، مراکز رشد، تامین کننده‌های مالی، شرکت‌ها، شتابدهنده‌ها و پارک-های علم و فناوری به عنوان بازیگران اصلی و همچنین زمینه‌سازی، متولدسازی، حمایت‌گری، مربی‌گری و سازآرایی به عنوان نقش‌های کلیدی بوده است. پس از آن در بخش کمی به کمک تحلیل ساختاری رابطه بین نقش‌ها با توانمندی نوآوری نوپاها در استان همدان بر مبنای داده‌های جمع آوری شده در اوایل سال 97 آزمون شد که تائید شدند. این پژوهش به لحاظ نظری یک چارچوب با حداقل‌های مورد نیاز برای تشکیل اکوسیستم نوآوری نوپاها را شناسایی کرده و به لحاظ عملی دلالت بر آن دارد که استان همدان عمدتا به حمایتگری پرداخته و برای پیشرفت اکوسیستم نیازمند توجه به سایر نقش‌هاست.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of the main actors and key roles of the startups innovation ecosystem: A Case Study in Hamedan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Mohammadi 1
  • hamidreza yazdani 2
  • Hamed Ojaghi 3
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Iran.
3 PhD Student in Technology Management, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Innovation in its most advanced generation takes place through widespread economic and social interactions, with the metamorphosis of knowledge, resources, and products among entities with characteristics of life, growth, evolution, and competition. These specifications represent an arrangement that is better understood and governed in the concept of ecosystem. Particularly when researchers want to study startups who are context dependent mini-organisms. This paper investigates startups innovation ecosystem to identify its main players and key roles. To this end, a systematic literature review of articles from the year 2008 to 2018 was conducted. Findings show that universities, incubators, companies, financials suppliers, accelerators and science and technology parks are the main actors. Furthermore, contextualization, midwifery, support, coaching and orchestration have been identified as key roles. Finally, the key roles have been surveyed and validated based on startups innovation capability in Hamedan province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Startups
  • Innovation ecosystem
  • Main actors of the innovation ecosystem
  • Key roles in the innovation ecosystem
  • Ecosystemic approach

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