توسعه مدل نظام نوآوری فناورانه رادیودارو در ایران با تأکید بر ابعاد فراملی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری، دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی، دانشگاه مازندران،ایران.

3 عضو هیئت علمی مرکز پژوهشهای علمی و صنعتی ایران.

4 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشکده علوم اداری و اقتصادی، دانشگاه مازندران، ایران.

چکیده

در سال های اخیر، فناوری رادیودارو، علیرغم تحریم‌های جوامع بین‌الملل علیه فعالیت هسته‌ای ایران به پیشرفت های چشمگیری دست یافته است. در این مقاله می خواهیم دریابیم که با لحاظ کردن بعد فراملی، نظام نوآوری فناورانه رادیودارو به چه مرحله ای از توسعه دست می یابد. این مسئله با استفاده از روش"تحلیل تاریخی رویدادها" و "کدگذاری مصاحبه های نیمه باز" صورت گرفته تا مرحله توسعه موتور نوآوری نظام در وضعیت موجود و با لحاظ کردن بعد فراملی را شناسایی کند. دریافتیم که در وضعیت کنونی، حلقه‌های "موتور ساختاردهی" تشکیل شده است اما با توجه به بازخورد دریافتی از متخصصین، می‌توان دریافت که مشخصات نظام در موتور ساختاردهی، کاملاً با وضعیت کنونی سازگار نیست. بنابراین، شکل‌گیری ناقص موتور ساختاردهی را پذیرفته و بر این اساس، مرحله توسعه نظام را، آستانه مرحله اوج گیری شناسایی کردیم. با اضافه شدن بعد فراملی و بر اساس نتایج بخش دوم، می توان دریافت که نظام نوآوری فناورانه رادیودارو، به مرحله اوج گیری و موتور ساختاردهی صعود کامل خواهد داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing the Technological Innovation System of Radiopharmaceuticals in Iran with an Emphasis on Transnational Dimensions

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeideh Lorestani 1
  • Mahmood Yahyazadehfar 2
  • Tahere Mir emadi 3
  • Mohsen Alizadeh sani 4
1 1-Ph.D. student of Science and Technology Policy, Management department, economy and administration faculty, Mazandaran University, mazandaran , babolsar, Iran.
2 Faculty member of Management department, Economy and Administration Faculty, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
3 Faculty member of IROST, Iran
4 member of Management department, Economy and Administration Faculty, Mazandaran University, Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In recent years, the radiopharmaceutical technology has made significant progress despite the sanctions imposed on the international community against Iranian nuclear activities. In this study, we want to find out what stage of development is the technological innovation system of radiopharmaceutical, taking into account the transnational dimension. This problem is identified using the "event history analysis" and "encoding of semi-structured interviews" to identify the stage of development and the system innovation motor in the present situation and considering the transnational dimension. We found that in the current situation, the “system building motor” loops are formed, but with regard to the experts feedback it can be seen that the characteristics of the system in the system building motor are not entirely consistent with the current state. Therefore, the incomplete formation of the system building motor has been accepted and, accordingly, we identified the threshold of the take off phase as the stage of the system development. By adding the transnational dimension and based on the results of second section, it can be seen that the radiopharmaceutical technological innovation system will have a complete ascent to the system building motor and take off phase.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Radiopharmaceutical
  • Technological Innovation System
  • Transnational dimensions

Allen, R.H & Sriram, R.D 2000, the role of standards in innovation. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, Volume (64), pp. 171-181.

Amin, A 2002, Spatialities of globalisation. Environ. Plan. A, Volume (34), pp. 385-399.

Annemarth E.M. Bleeker 2013, Diffusion of Solar PV From a TIS Perspective & its Transnational Factors, A case study of Tanzania, Institute for Environmental Studies.

Archibugi, D & Pietrobelli, C 2003, The globalisation of technology and its implications for developing countries: windows of opportunity or further burden? Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, Volume (70), pp. 861-883.

Anderson, K., Martin, W., van der Mensbrugghe, D.,(2006). Doha merchandise trade reform: what is at stake for developing countries? World Bank Econ. Rev. Volume (20), pp. 169-195.

Bai, X, Wieczorek, A.J, Kaneko, S, Lisson, S & Contreras, A 2009, Enabling sustainability transitions in Asia: the importance of vertical and horizontal linkages, Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, Volume (76), pp. 255-266.

Beaverstock, J.V. Hall, .  S.J.E & Faulconbridge, J.R 2006, The internationalization of Europe's contemporary transnational executive search industry, in: J.W. Harrington, W. Daniels (Eds.) 28 Knowledge-based services, internationalization and regional development, Ashgate Publishing, Hampshire/Burlington, 2006.

Bento, N & Fontes, M 2015, Spatial Diffusion and the Formation of a Technological Innovation System in the Receiving Country: The Case of Wind Energy in Portugal,  Environmental Innovation and SocietalTransitions, Volume (15), pp. 158-179.

Bergek, A, Jacobsson, S, Carlsson, B, Lindmark, S, & Rickne, A 2008, Analyzing the functional dynamics of technological innovation systems: A scheme of analysis, Research Policy, Volume (37), pp. 407-429

Binz, C, Truffer, B & Coenen, L 2014, Why Space Matters in Technological Innovation Systems: Mapping Global knowledge Dynamics of Membrane Bioreactor Technology, Research Policy, Volume (43), pp. 138-155.

Binz, C, Truffer, B, Li, L, Shi, Y, Lu, Y, 2012, Conceptualizing leapfrogging with spatially coupled innovation systems: the case of onsite wastewater treatment in China, Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, Volume (79), PP. 155-171.

Blomstr€om, M & Sj€oholm, F 1999, Technology transfer and spillovers: does local participation with multinationals matter? Eur. Econ. Rev. Volume (43), PP. 915-923.

Brandt, U.S & Svendsen, G.T 2006, Climate change negotiations and first-mover advantages: the case of the wind turbine industry. Energy Policy, Volume (34), pp. 1175-1184.

Bryman, A 2006, integrating quantitative and qualitative research: how is it done? Qualitative Research. 6(1), pp. 97-113.

CACETC 2000, China Wind Power e Study Report. As Part of UNFCCC Technological Needs Assessment

Cao, C 2008, China's brain drain at the high end. Asian Popul. Stud. Volume (4), pp. 331-345.

Carlsson, B 2006, Internationalization of innovation systems: a survey of the literature. Res. Policy, Volume (35), pp. 56-67.

Chappin, E. J. L 2008, Emission-trading as transition instrument for emission reductions? In  Groenewegen, J. P. M., T. Fens, J.-F. Auger, and K. Paardenkooper-Suli, editors, 11th Annual International Conference on the Economics of Infrastructures, Delft, 2008. Delft University of Technology

Coe, N.M, Dicken, P & Hess, M. 2008, Global production networks: realizing the potential. J. Econ. Geogr. Volume (8), pp. 271-295.

Coenen, L & Truffer, B 2012, Places and Spaces of Sustainability Transitions: Geographical Contributions to an Emerging Research and Policy Field.European Planning Studies, 20(3), pp. 367-374.

Coenen, L, Benneworth, P & Truffer, B 2012, toward a spatial perspective on sustainability transitions. Res. Policy, Volume (41), pp. 968-979.

Edsand, H 2016, Technological Innovation Systems and the wider context: A framework for developing countries," MERIT Working Papers 017, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

Ernst, D & Kim, L 2002, Global production networks, knowledge diffusion, and local capability formation. Res. Policy, Volume (31), pp. 1417-1429.

Ernst, D 2002, Global production networks and the changing geography of innovation systems, Implications for developing countries. Econ. Innov. New Technol. Volume (11), pp. 497-523.

Ernst, D, Kim, L 2002, Global production networks, knowledge diffusion, and local capability formation. Res. Policy, Volume (31), pp. 1417-1429.

Fu, X, Pietrobelli, C & Soete, L 2011, The role of foreign technology and indigenous innovation in the emerging economies: technological change and catching-up. World Dev. Volume (39), pp. 1204-1212.

Geels, F.W 2013, The impact of the financial-economic crisis on sustainability transitions:Financial investment, governance and public discourse. Environ. Innov. Soc. Transitions, Volume (6), pp. 67–95.

Gereffi, G & Fernandez-Stark, K 2011, Global Value Chain Analysis, a Primer. Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness at the social science institute.

Gereffi, G, Humphrey, J & Sturgeon, T 2005, The Governance of Global Value Chains, Review of International Political Economy, 12(1), pp.78-104.

Gosens, J, Lu, Y & Coenen,L 2015, The Role of Transnational Dimensions in Emerging Economy ‘Technological Innovation Systems’ for Clean- Tech,  Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume (86), pp. 378-388.

Gosens, J, Lu, Y 2013, From lagging to leading? Technological innovation systems in emerging economies and the case of Chinese wind power. Energy Policy, Volume (60),pp. 234-250.

Hansen, J.A & Lehmann, M 2006, Agents of change: universities as development hubs. J. Clean. Prod. Volume (14), pp. 820-829.

Hansen, U.E & Nygaard, I 2013, transnational linkages and sustainable transitions in emerging countries: exploring the role of donor interventions in niche development.Environ. Innov. Soc. Transit., Volume (8), pp. 1-19.

Hekkert, M.P , Suurs, R.A.A, Negro, S, Kuhlmann,S & Smits,S 2007, Functions of Innovation Systems: A New Approach for Analysing Technological Change, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume (74), pp. 413-432.

Hekkert, M.P, Negro, S.O, Harmsen, R & Heimeriks, G.J 2011, Technological Innovation System Analysis: A Manual for Analysts. Utrecht University, Report for Joint Research Center, Energy Institute.

Henderson, J, Dicken, P, Hess, M, Coe, N & Yeung, H.W.-C 2002, Global production networks and the analysis of economic development. Rev. Int. Polit. Econ. Volume (9), pp. 436-464.

Hillman, K, Suurs, R, Hekkert, M & Sandén, B 2008, Cumulative Causation in Biofuels Development: A Critical Comparison of the Netherlands and Sweden, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Volume (20), pp. 592-612.

Hoekman, B.M, Maskus, K.E & Saggi, K 2005, Transfer of technology to developing countries: unilateral and multilateral policy options. World Dev. Volume (33), pp. 1587-1602.

Hultman, N.E, Pulver, S, Guimarães, L, Deshmukh, R & Kane, J 2010, Carbon market risks and rewards: Firm perceptions of CDM investment decisions in Brazil and India, Energy Policy, In Press, Corrected Proof (2010).

IAEA 2006, Advances in medical radiation imaging for cancer diagnosis and treatment, Nuclear Technology Review 2006, pp. 110-127.

IEA/OECD 2001, Technology without Borders e Case Studies of Successful Technology Transfer. IEA/OECD, Paris.

Inkpen, A.C 2000, learning through joint ventures: a framework of knowledge acquisition. J. Manag. Stud. Volume (37), pp. 1019-1044.

Jacobsson, S & Johnson, A 2000, the diffusion of renewable energy technology: an analytical framework and key issues for research. Energy Policy, Volume (28), pp. 625–640.

Jalilian, A, Beiki, , Hassanzadeh-Rad, A, Eftekhari, A & Geramifar, P 2016, Production and Clinical Applications of Radiopharmaceuticals and Medical Radioisotopes in Iran, Semin Nucl Med. 2016 Jul, 46(4), pp. 340-58

Kinoshita, Y 2000, R&D and Technology Spillovers via FDI, Innovation and Absorptive Capacity, CEPR/WDI Annual Conference on Transition Economies in Moscow for comments and Murali Parsa at the Czech Statistical Office for providing the data

Kukk, P, Moors, E.H.M & Hekkert, M.P 2015, The Complexities in System Building Strategies: The Case of Personalized Cancer Medicines in England, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume (98), pp. 47-59.

Lema, R & Lema, A 2012 Technology Transfer? The Rise of China and India in Green Technology Sectors, Innovation and Development, 2(1), pp. 23-44.

Lewis, J.I 2011, Building a national wind turbine industry: experiences from China, India and South Korea. Int. J. Technol. Glob. 5, 281e305.

Lewis, J.I, Wiser, R.H 2007, fostering a renewable energy technology industry: an international comparison of wind industry policy support mechanisms. EnergyPolicy, Volume (35), pp. 1844-1857.

Løvdal, N & Neumann, F 2011, Internationalization as a strategy to overcome industry barriersdan assessment of the marine energy industry. Energy Policy, Volume (39), pp. 1093-1100.

Lundvall, B.-Å, Johnson, B, Andersen, E.S, Dalum, B, 2002, National systems of production, innovation and competence building. Res. Policy, Volume (31), pp. 213-231.

Markard, J & Truffer, B 2008, Technological innovation systems and the multi level perspective: towards an integrated framework. Res. Policy, Volume (37), pp. 596-615.

Markard, J, M, Suter & Ingold, K. 2015, Socio-Technical Transitions and Policy Change: Advocacy Coalitions in Swiss Energy Policy. SPRUWorking Paper Series, SWPS, Volume (18), pp. 215-237.

Markard, J, Raven, R & Truffer, B 2012, Sustainability Transitions: An emerging field of research and its prospects. Research Policy 41, 955–967 (Introduction paperfor the special section).

Markides, C., Geroski, P. (2005). Fast Second. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

Martinot, E, Chaurey, A, Lew, D, Moreira, J.R & Wamukonya, N., 2002. Renewable energy markets in developing countries. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. Volume (27), pp. 309-348.

Maskus, K.E 2000, Intellectual Property Rights in the Global Economy. Peterson Institute.

Mattoo, A.M, Olareagga, K & Saggi, M 2004, Mode of foreign entry, technology transfer, and FDI policy, J. Devel. Econ., 75(1), pp. 95-111.

Miremadi, T 2016, A Model for Science and Technology Diplomacy: How to Align the Rationales of Foreign Policy and Science. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2737347 

Mohamad, Z.F 2011, The emergence of fuel cell technology and challenges for catching-up by latecomers: insights from Malaysia and Singapore. Int. J. Technol.Glob. Volume (5), pp. 306-326.

Negro, S & Hekkert, M 2008, Explaining the Success of Emerging Technologies by Innovation System Functioning: The Case of Biomass Digestion in Germany, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, Volume (20), pp. 465-482.

Nemet, G.F 2009, Demand-pull, technology-push, and government-led incentives for non-incremental technical change. Res. Policy, Volume (38), pp. 700-709.

Nye, J 2010, The Future of American Power. Foreign Affairs , November December.

Ockwell, D.G, Watson, J, MacKerron, G, Pal, P & Yamin, F 2008, Key policy considerations for facilitating low carbon technology transfer to developing countries. Energy Policy, Volume (36), pp. 4104-4115.

OECD 2005, Governance of Innovation Systems. Volume 1: Synthesis Report. Paris: OECD.

OECD, 2011 Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies, OECD Studies on Environmental Innovation. OECD Publishing.

Paez, D, Becic, T, Bhonsle, U, Jalilian, A.R, Nuñez-Miller. R & Osso, J.A. J.r., 2016, Current status of nuclear medicine practice in the Middle East. Sem. Nucl. Med. (2016), Volume (46), pp. 265 272.

Panayotou, T 2013, Instruments of Change: Motivating and Financing Sustainable Development. London, Routledge.

Peltier, N. P & Ashford, N.A., 1998. Assessing and rationalizing the management of a portfolio of clean technologies: experience from a French environmental fund and a World Bank Cleaner Production demonstration project in China. J. Clean.Prod. Volume (6), pp. 111-117.

Peterson, S 2008, Greenhouse gas mitigation in developing countries through technology transfer?: a survey of empirical evidence. Mitig. Adapt. Strateg. Global Change, Volume (13), pp. 283-305.

Poole, M.S, Van de Ven, A.H, Dooley, K & Holmes, M.E 2000,Organizational change and  innovation processes, theories and methods for research, Oxford: Oxford University Press.- Semin Nucl Med 2016, Volume (46), pp. 265-272 

REN21 2013. Renewables 2013 Global Status Report. REN21 Secretariat, Paris.

Rennings, K & Beise, M, 2003, "Lead Markets of Environmental Innovations: A Framework for Innovation and Environmental Economics," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

Rennings, K 2000, Redefining innovationdeco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics. Ecol. Econ. Volume (32), pp. 319-332.

Rousselin, M 2012, But why would they do that? European external governance and domestic preferences of rule importers. J. Contemp. Eur. Res. Volume (8), pp. 470-489

Ru, P, Zhi, Q, Zhang, F, Zhong, X, Li, J & Su, J 2012, Behind the development of technology: the transition of innovation modes in China's wind turbine manufacturing industry. Energy Policy, Volume (43), pp. 58-69.

Rumbaugh, T & Blancher, N 2004, China: International Trade and WTO Accession. IMF working paper WP/04/36.

Saxenian, A 2002, transnational communities and the evolution of global production networks: the cases of Taiwan, China and India. Ind. Innov, Volume (9), pp. 183-202.

Saxenian, A 2005, from brain drain to brain circulation: transnational communities and regional upgrading in India and China. Stud. Comp. Int. Dev. Volume (40),pp.35-61.

Schmidt, T.S & Dabur, D 2014, Explaining the Diffusion of Biogas in India: A New Functional Approach Considering National Borders and Technology Transfer, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Volume (16),pp.171-199.

Smarzynska Javorcik, B 2004, the composition of foreign direct investment and protection of intellectual property rights: evidence from transition economies. Eur. Econ. Rev. Volume (48), pp. 39-62.

Steele, F., 2005. Event history analysis, NCRM/004. National Centre for Research Methods.

Suurs, R.A.A 2009, Motors of sustainable innovation. Towards a theory on the dynamics of technological innovation systems, thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht.

Suurs, R.A.A, Hekkert, M.P 2009, Cumulative causation in the formation of a technological innovation system: the case of biofuels in the Netherlands. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 2009, Volume (76), pp. 1003–20.

Suurs, R.A.A, Hekkert, M.P, Kieboom, S, Smits, R.E.H.M 2010, Understanding the formative stage of technological innovation system development: the case of natural gas as an automotive fuel. Energ Policy, Volume (38), pp. 419-431.

Taylor, R 2005, China's Human Resource Management Strategies: The Role of Enterprise and Government, Asian Business & Management, 4 (1) pp. 5-21.

Teece, D.J 2001, Firm capabilities and economic development: implications for the newly industrializing economies. In: Kim, L., Nelson, R.R. (Eds.), Technology, Learning and Innovation: Experiences of Newly Industrializing Economies.Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Van Alphen, K, Hekkert, M.P & van Sark, W.G.J.H.M 2008, Renewable energy technologies in the Maldivesdrealizing the potential. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. Volume (12), pp. 162-180.

Van Asselt, H & Brewer, T 2010, Addressing competitiveness and leakage concerns in climate policy: an analysis of border adjustment measures in the US and the EU. Energy Policy, Volume (38), pp. 42-51.

Vasseur, V, Kamp, L.M & Negro, S.O 2013, A comparative analysis of photovoltaic technological innovation systems including international dimensions: the cases of Japan and the Netherlands. J. Clean. Prod. Volume (48), pp. 200-210.

Viotti, E.B 2002, National learning systems: a new approach on technological change in late industrializing economies and evidences from the cases of Brazil and South Korea. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, Volume (69), pp. 653-680.

Wieczorek, A.J, Berkhout, F, & Raven, R 2013, transnational linkages in sustainability experiments of India, Paper presented at International Sustainability Transition Conference in Zurich, Switzerland, June 2013, pp. 19-21.

Wieczorek, A.J, Negro, S.O, Harmsen, R, Heimeriks, G.J, Luo, L & Hekkert, M.P 2013, A review of the European offshore wind innovation system, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume (26), pp. 294-306.

Wilkins, G 2002, Technology Transfer for Renewable Energy: Overcoming Barriers in Developing Countries. Earth Scan, London.

Worrell, E, van Berkel, R, Fengqi, Z, Menke, C, Schaeffer, R.O & Williams, R 2001, Technology transfer of energy efficient technologies in industry: a review of trends and policy issues. Energy Policy, Volume (29), pp. 29-43.

WTO 2014, WTO Mission Statement. http://www.wto. org/english/thewto_e/whatis_e/wto_dg_stat_e.htm.

Yoo, Y, Lyytinen, K & Yang, H 2005. The role of standards in innovation and diffusion of broadband mobile services: the case of South Korea. J. Strateg. Inf. Syst, Volume (14), pp. 323-353.

Young, O.R 2011, Effectiveness of international environmental regimes: existing knowledge, cutting-edge themes, and research strategies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Volume (108), pp. 19853-19860.

Zhao, M 2006, Conducting R&D in countries with weak intellectual property rights protection. Manag. Sci. Volume (52), pp. 1185-1199.