نگاشت عوامل مؤثر بر خلق پتنت با رویکرد فرا ترکیب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، ایران.

2 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس،ایران.

3 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، ایران.

4 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشکده مدیریت، علم و فناوری دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، ایران.

چکیده

اهمیت یافتن مباحث مربوط به تولید فناوری و سرمایه‌گذاری‌های صورت گرفته، نیازمند نتایجی ملموس در حوزه انتشار دانش کاربردی خلق‌شده باقابلیت تجاری‌سازی و انتقال آن به بازار مصرف در قالب خلق پتنت می‌باشد. بااین‌وجود در مطالعات صورت گرفته چارچوب یکپارچه‌ای از روابط بین عوامل مؤثر بر خلق پتنت مشاهده نمی‌شود. لذا هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر خلق پتنت و تبیین نحوه ارتباط این عوامل می‌باشد. در این پژوهش کیفی تلاش شده با استفاده از شیوه فراترکیب و مرور نظام‌مند، مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر بر خلق پتنت بررسی و استخراج گردد. درنهایت با کدگذاری در قالب واحدهای معنایی و کدهای مفهومی نسبت به ترسیم ارتباطات بین آن‌ها اقدام شده است. براساس نتایج حاصل‌شده، مدیریت دانش، خدمات مدیریت فناوری، مدیریت فرآیندهای ثبت اختراع، فعالیت‌های تحقیق و توسعه و تعاملات بین‌المللی در تحقیق و توسعه، بیشترین نقش را در ایجاد تعادل بین مفاهیم مؤثر بر خلق پتنت دارد. چنین مطالعه‌ای با معرفی عوامل تأثیرگذار بر خلق پتنت به شیوه‌ای نظام‌مند نه‌تنها به شناخت مهم‌ترین عوامل موجود این حوزه کمک خواهد کرد بلکه با مشخص کردن نحوه ارتباط هر یک، برای سیاست‌گذاران در جهت تشخیص اثربخش‌ترین سیاست‌های ارتقای نوآوری، بستر لازم برای خلق پتنت را در پی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Mapping the Patent Creation Affecting Factors Using Meta-Synthesis Method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Farhangnejad 1
  • Shaban Elahi 2
  • Seyed Sepehr Ghazinoory 3
  • Mehdi Majidpour 4
1 Department of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran.
2 Department of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University,Iran.
3 Department of Management and Economics, Tarbiat Modares University,Iran.
4 Deperatment of Management, Science & Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology,Iran.
چکیده [English]

The importance of technology creating and investments requires tangible results in the area of the dissemination of applied knowledge created with the commercialization capability and transferring it to the market in the form of patent. However, there is no studies suggested the integrated framework for patent creation affecting factors. The purpose of this research is to identify the factors affecting the creation of patents and to explain how these factors are interconnected. This qualitative research, attempts to explore and extract the most important factors influencing the creation of patents using systematic review and meta-synthesis method. Finally, by extracting and encoding factors in the form of semantic codes and conceptual codes try to mapping the relation between them. Based on the results, the knowledge management, technology management services, patenting processes management, research and development activities and international interactions in research and development have the greatest role in balancing the patent creation affecting the factors. Such a study, will not only help recognizing the most important factors in this area by introducing the patent creation factors in a systematic method, but also, help policymakers to identify the most effective policies to promote innovation, Which improve the context for patent creating.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Patents Creating
  • Science and Technology
  • Innovation System
  • Meta-Synthesis
  • Systematic review

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