A Comparative Study of Innovation Modes and HR Configurations in Knowledge-Based Firms in Science and Technology Parks

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabataba’i University

2 Allameh Tabataba’i University


Human capital is one of the most important factors for innovation in companies. In this paper, we focus on two characteristics of human capital, i.e. uniqueness and value creation, to conduct a comparative study on the modes of innovation and human resource (HR) configurations in knowledge-based firms located in Pardis Technology Park and the University of Tehran Science and Technology Park. Managing human capital in innovative companies needs a set of HR practices suitable for work force characteristics and special aims of firm. In this study, we try to answer the question: Do knowledge-based firms choose their HR configuration according to their human capital characteristics and innovation mode? This study is a descriptive survey, with questionnaire as data collecting tool. We perform confirmatory factor analysis to assess the construct validity and model verification, and use binominal test to assess the level of coordination between the modes. In the first stage, the maximum level of coordination is identified between productivity-based HR system and market-oriented innovation, and in the next stage, the maximum coordination is between collaborative HR system and science-based innovation mode. Also, the average of value creation scores higher than uniqueness.


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