Proposing a Comprehensive Defense Innovation Process for Iranian Best-Practice: Defense Projects in Post-Islamic Revolution Era

Document Type : Original Article


1 Tabataba’ei University

2 Tabataba’ ei University


Following the victory of Iran's Islamic Revolution, a large number of foreign experts were sacked from the defense industries, and by the beginning of the war imposed on Iran and enforcing tough sanctions against the country, weak innovation process in defense industries was halted. Afterwards, extensive efforts were started in innovation process and patterns in defense industries. The main features of these efforts were self-reliance, taking advantages of limited technological collaboration opportunities, and activities based on try and error. Since no studies have been conducted on the typology of evolutionary processes in this period, this aims to identify innovation patterns. To this end, 15 major defense projects compatible with the determined defense success measures are investigated through deep exploratory interviews with defense elites and executive experts, and through conceptual analyses to extract concepts, components and innovation process models. The validity of the study is tested by three-front validity method. Finally, 4 different paths of defense innovation are extracted based on the classifications of key defense products. The results show that all these paths begin with operational need and all had the phases of team creation and research institution. All these paths lead to the formation of an industrial and manufacturing institution, and the improvement of functional specification and innovation development.


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