عنوان مقاله [English]
The debate of commercialization of scientific research is all of arguments, theories and ideas written in defending or rejecting this contemporary phenomenon in management of science and technology. A review of this debate in Iran and the world shows that most scholars has assumed the space of scientific research to be similar and homogeneous; allowing one general rule to all kind of researches. In this paper, we show their presupposition is not correct. The space of scientific research is heterogeneous and the kinds of scientific researches can be drawn in a spectrum from fundamental to applied. The economic characteristics of science such as excludability, rivalry, indeterminacy and divisibility change by moving on this spectrum. We formulate one possible answer to the debate of commercialization of scientific researches, by using the achieved comments, spectral look at science and changing economic characteristics. The using method is philosophical-theoretical analysis. The analyses in this paper show that although the government should entrust financing of a part of scientific researches to the invisible hand of market, it must intervene in the spectrum of fundamental and compensate for market failure.