بررسی و رتبه‌بندی عوامل مؤثر بر سازوکار به‌کارگیری رویکرد نوآوریِ باز در صنعت هوایی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر

چکیده

ارتباطات شبکهای، از پایههای اساسی تشکیل اقتصادهای مبتنی بر نوآوری است. در این میان، رویکرد نوآوری باز با استفاده از مفهوم شبکهسازی دانشی، سعی در ایجاد ارتباطات تعاملی بین بازیگران دانشی و صنعتی برای تبادل ایده، فناوری و دانش در درون شبکه و کوتاه‌‌سازی مسیر توسعة محصول و نوآوری در محصولات دارد. این پژوهش تلاش میکند تا با استفاده از الگوی شایستگیهای سازمانی برای نوآوری بازِ هافکبرینک و شرول، وضعیت راهبردهای نوآوری باز را در صنعت هوایی ایران بررسی و چالشهای پیادهسازی آن را شناسایی کند. پژوهش حاضر از نوع پیمایشی و جامعة آماری آن شامل 66 نفر از کارشناسان و مدیران بخشهای مختلف صنعت هوایی میباشند. جهت گردآوری دادهها، از ابزار پرسشنامه استفاده شد. در این پژوهش، آزمون تی برای بررسی وضعیت هر یک از متغیرها و روش تاپسیس فازی برای رتبهبندی عوامل مؤثر بر رویکرد نوآوری باز مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که عامل توانمندی شبکهسازی از بعُد توانمندیهای مشارکتی و عوامل شناسایی فرصتهای نوآورانه و فهم و تبادل از بعُد ظرفیت جذب در شرایط نامطلوب قرار دارند، اما بقیة عوامل دارای وضعیت قابل قبولی هستند. همچنین رتبهبندی عوامل مؤثر بر رویکرد نوآوری باز، نشان داد که عوامل فهم و تبادل، شناسایی فرصتهای نوآورانه و توانمندی شبکهسازی دارای بیشترین اهمیت و عوامل طراحی خاص ساختار و فرآیند، همکاری از بیرون به درون و برعکس و همکاری داخلی دارای اولویت کمتری هستند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reviewing and Rating Factors Affecting the Mechanism of Open Innovation Approach in Iran's Aviation Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hosein Khosropour 1
  • Kamran Feizi 1
  • Seyed Kamal Tabaian 2
1 Allameh Tabataba’i University
2 Malek Ashtar University of Technology
چکیده [English]

Network communication is a fundamental pillar of innovation-based economy. Meanwhile, using the concept of knowledge networking, open innovation approach tries to create an interactive relationship between science and industry actors to exchange ideas, technology and knowledge within a network to shorten the course of development and innovation in organizations. Considering Hafkesbrink and Schroll's "Organizational Competences for Open Innovation Model", this paper tries to investigate open innovation strategies of Iran's aviation industry and to identify its implementation challenges. Here, we use survey method to collect data from 66 experts in air transport aviation maintenance agencies, and the data collection tool is a standard questionnaire. A T-test is used to examine the status of each variable, and the fuzzy TOPSIS method to rank factors influencing open innovation approach. The results clearly show that the factor of networking capability, from collaborative capabilities dimension; and the factors of identifying innovative opportunities, and understanding and exchanging, from absorptive capacity, are in undesirable conditions, but the rest of the factors have acceptable conditions. The affecting factors are also rated by fuzzy TOPSIS method, and the results show that the factors of understanding and exchanging, identifying innovative opportunities, and networking capabilities are the most important ones, and the factors of the specific designing of structure and process, outside-to-inside and vice versa cooperation, and internal cooperation are less important.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Open Innovation
  • Mechanism of Open Innovation
  • Networking
  • absorptive capacity
  • Fuzzy TOPSIS

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