بررسی عوامل موثر بر شکل گیری و توسعه خوشه بالگرد کشور

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

صنعت بالگردی کشور با سابقهای چندین دهساله به دلیل وجود بازار مناسب داخلی و تأثیر بر اشتغال و توسعة سایر بخشهای صنعتی، از جذابترین بخشهای صنعتی جهت سرمایهگذاری محسوب میشود. هدف اصلی این پژوهش شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر شکلگیری و توسعة خوشة صنعتی بالگرد کشور است. در این مطالعه، با مرور ادبیات مربوط به خوشههای صنعتی و نظامبخشی نوآوری، عوامل مؤثر در قالب مدل اولیهای دستهبندی و سپس از طریق مصاحبه با 20 نفر از خبرگان حوزة سیاستگذاری علم و فناوری و صنعت بالگردی کشور، بومیسازی و اصلاح شده است. این مدل نیز به روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و تحلیل مسیر و با جمعآوری پرسشنامه از نمونة 404 نفری جامعة آماری پژوهش مورد آزمون قرار گرفته است. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان میدهد که عوامل اقتصادی و مرتبط با بازار، عوامل علمی و فناورانه، عوامل صنعتی، عوامل سیاسی و عوامل انسانی در شکلگیری و توسعة خوشة صنعتی بالگردی کشور تأثیر داشتهاند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis of Factors Affecting the Formation and Development of Innovative Cluster in Iranian Helicopter Industry

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Kazazi
  • Seyed Habibollah Tabatabaeian
  • Maghsoud Amiri
  • Mehdi Shirazi Shayesteh
Allame Tabataba’i University
چکیده [English]

Having decades of experience and appropriate internal market, Iran's helicopter industry is one of the most attractive sections for investment at national level, because of providing employment and development for other industries. The main aim of this study is to identify and analyze factors affecting the formation and development of innovative civil helicopter industrial cluster in Iran. By reviewing the literature of industrial clusters and sectoral innovation system, we categorize the affecting factors in a primary model, and then by conducting interviews with 20 science and technology policy-makers and helicopter industry experts, we localize and revise the model. The revised model is tested by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and path analysis methods through a questionnaire answered by a statistical population of 404. The results show that economy- and market-related factors, scientific and technological factors, and political and human factors affect the formation and development of civil helicopter industry cluster of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Industry cluster
  • Sectoral Innovation System
  • Innovative Cluster
  • Industrial Factors
  • economy-related and market-related factors

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