سیاست هسته و شبکه از رویا تا واقعیت: تحلیلی بر سیاستهای برون نگر صنایع دفاعی ایران در دهه اخیر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

عضو هیات علمی دانشکده مدیریت و فناوریهای نرم، دانشگاه صنعتی مالک اشتر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

از اواخر دهه هفتاد شمسی، صنایع دفاعی با این واقعیت روبرو شدند که با ظرفیت های موجود امکان پاسخگویی به همه نیازهای متنوع مشتریان برای آنها وجود ندارد. این موضوع، سیاستگذاران دفاعی را واداشت تا به طیفی از "سیاستهای درون نگر" که حاصل دوران جنگ تحمیلی و تحریمهای دفاعی بودند نگاهی دوباره بیفکنند. ثمره این بازنگری، اتخاذ سیاست "هسته و شبکه" بود که صنایع را ترغیب به استفاده از همه ظرفیت های پیرامونی برای نوآوری می کرد. اکنون، بعد از بیش از یک دهه این سوال مطرح است که سیاست مذکور تا چه حد در ارتقای نوآوری موفق بوده و آیا عواملی مثل سابقه بنگاه در دوران قبل از انقلاب در این امر دخیل بوده است یا خیر. برای پاسخ به این سوالها، نمونه ای شامل 114 بنگاه دفاعی از نظر میزان اقبال به سیاست مذکور، ظرفیت جذب، سابقه همکاری با شرکتهای خارجی، اندازه و عملکرد نوآوری مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند و داده های حاصل با استفاده از رگرسیون چندگانه تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که سابقه و اندازه نقشی در عملکرد نوآوری ندارند. در مقابل، باز بودن و ظرفیت جذب تاثیر معناداری بر عملکرد نوآوری دارند. بر اساس نتایج این تحقیق، در صورت ترکیب سیاست هسته و شبکه با سیاست هایی برای تقویت ظرفیت جذب می توان شاهد ارتقای بیش از پیش عملکرد نوآوری در صنایع دفاعی بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Nucleus and Network Policy, from Dream to Reality: Analyzing Outward-looking Policies of Defense Industries in Recent Decade

نویسنده [English]

  • Alireza Booshehri
Faculty of Management & Soft Technologies, Malek Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In the late 1370s, Iran Defense firms confronted the reality that they cannot answer all their customers’ needs with their then-existing capacities. As a result, policy makers changed the inward-looking policies by adopting a new policy called “nucleus and network”. Now, after more than a decade, the question is whether this policy has been successful in increasing innovation performance and whether factors like history of firms before Islamic revolution has influenced this performance. To answer these questions, orientation toward the nucleus and network policy, openness, absorptive capacity, history of cooperation with foreign firms, size, and innovation performance of 114 defense firms were analyzed using multiple regression Technic. Results showed that history and size had no effect and openness and absorptive capacity had significant positive effect on innovation performance of the firms. Based on these results, combining the nucleus and network policy with policies for strengthening absorptive capacity of firms, a significant change in firms’ performance will be achieved.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Policy
  • nucleus and network
  • Defense Industries
  • Innovation
  • performance

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