عوامل اثرگذار بر انتخاب روش تأمین فناوری: مطالعه موردی فناوری سویه در شرکت دارویی سیناژن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی فناوری اطلاعات، دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشکده مهندسی صنایع و سیستم‌ها، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

نحوه تأمین فناوری یکی از مسائل مهم مدیریت راهبردی بنگاه‌هاست که در سال‌های اخیر توانسته است پژوهش‌های زیادی را به خود اختصاص دهد. با وجود انجام مطالعات متعدد، هنوز نیاز به تحقیقات بیشتر جهت شناسایی عوامل اثرگذار بر نحوه تأمین فناوری در کشور ایران با ویژگی‌های خاص خود احساس می‌شود. علاوه بر این، لازم است عوامل اثرگذار در هر صنعت به طور خاص، بررسی و شناسایی شوند. مقاله حاضر سعی دارد عوامل اثرگذار بر انتخاب نحوه تأمین فناوری در صنعت زیست دارویی ایران را با مطالعه موردی یکی از بنگاه‌های این صنعت، مشخص کند. داده‌های این پژوهش از طریق مصاحبه با کارمندان شرکت سیناژن، کارمندان انستیتوپاستور و سیاست‌گذاران حوزه زیست‌فناوری و همچنین منابع آرشیوی جمع‌آوری و با استفاده از روش نظریه‌سازی بنیادی تحلیل شده‌اند. «فرصت رسیدن به محصول»، «نیاز به تایید»، «میزان وجود زیرساخت تولید سویه در کشور»، «ترس از تحریم فناوری» و «قابلیت‌های فناورانه بنگاه» به عنوان عوامل اثرگذار بر نحوه تأمین فناوری سویه شناسایی گردید و در مورد نحوه اثرگذاری هر یک از آنها فرضیاتی توسعه داده شد. علاوه بر آن، «ویژگی‌های صنعت زیست‌دارو» به عنوان عامل زمینه‌ای مورد شناسایی قرار گرفت

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Factors on Technology Sourcing Method: Case Study on Strain Technology at Cinnagen Company

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Albadvi 1
  • Sajjad Shekarchian 2
1 School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2 School of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Technology sourcing method is one of the most important issues in corporate strategic management which over the past few years has increasingly received attention among researchers. However, these studies do not suffice yet, so it is necessary to conduct more research on identification of effective factors in technology sourcing in Iran. Also, it is necessary to identify and investigate all the factors specifically in each industry.This qualitative research tries to identify factors influencing the choice of technology sourcing method by studying one of the successful Iranian bio-pharmaceutical firms. Research data is collected through conducting interviews with Cinnagen Company and Pasteur Institute staffs and biotechnology policy makers and also investigating archival resources; then the gathered data analyzed using the grounded theory method. The identified factors affecting the strain technology sourcing method are “time to market”, “need to confirm”, “extent of the existence of strain generation infrastructure in the country”, “fear of technological sanctions” and “technological capabilities of the firm” which some assumptions for influencing methods of each factor were developed. In addition, “features of biopharmaceutical industry” is identified as a contextual factor.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Sourcing
  • Bio-similar Pharmaceutic
  • Strain
  • Cinnagen company
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