چارچوب طراحی سازمان در اتحادهای استراتژیک بین‌المللی مبتنی بر فناوری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد، مدیریت، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت، دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

اتحادهای استراتژیک به‌تدریج سهم قابل‌توجهی از پژوهش‌های دانشگاهی در حوزه مدیریت استراتژیک و تصمیم‌های مدیران بنگاه‌های تجاری را به خود اختصاص داده‌اند. علیرغم این اقبال روزافزون، نرخ شکست اتحادهای استراتژیک همچنان بسیار زیاد است و پیشینه نظری اصلی‌ترین علت این نرخ شکست را در الگوی اداره و سازمان‌دهی اتحادها می‌داند. پژوهش حاضر با درنظرگرفتن اهمیت مسئله ساختار و خلأ نظری پیرامون آن، به بررسی اقتضائات و ویژگی‌های ساختار اتحادهای استراتژیک بین‌المللی مبتنی بر فناوری پرداخته است. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش که با استراتژی مورد کاوی چندگانه به انجام رسیده است، سه نوع ساختار پارلمانی، تکنوکراتیک و کمیته‌ای را از یکدیگر تفکیک کرده و اقتضائات لازم برای به‌کارگیری کارآمد هر یک را مشخص ساخته است. در شرایطی که تمرکز عمودی زیاد و تمرکز افقی کم باشد، ساختار پارلمانی بیشترین اثربخشی را دارد و اگر تمرکز عمودی کم و تمرکز افقی زیاد باشد، ساختار تکنوکراتیک کارآمدتر است. این دو ساختار در دو سر یک طیف قرار می‌گیرند که هر نقطه میان آن‌ها، بستر مساعدی برای به‌کارگیری ساختار کمیته‌ای است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Presenting a Framework of Organization Design in Technology-based International Strategic Alliances

نویسندگان [English]

  • S. Hossein Jalali 1
  • Tahmoores Hasangholipour 2
1 Faculty of Management, University of Tehran
2 Full Professor, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Strategic alliances have gained considerable attention, both among strategic management researches and across managerial decisions in business companies. Despite of this popularity, the failure rate of strategic alliances is high and theoretical literature has being sought the reason in governance mechanism and organizational design of alliances. With considering the importance of this issue and theoretical gap about it, current research devoted to the requirements and specifications of the structure of technology-based international strategic alliances. Findings from this multiple case study research are distinguished three designs and theirs requirements for effective application: parliamentary, technocratic and committee. In high vertical centralization-low horizontal centralization situation, the parliamentary form has most effectiveness; and in low vertical centralization-high horizontal centralization, the technocratic form is best suited. These forms are on a spectrum in which, any points between extremes, is a favourable place for applying of committee-based structure.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Strategic Alliances
  • Organizational Design
  • Alliance Structure
  • Technology-based Alliances

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