Publication Ethics

 Publishing Ethics

Publishing an article in a peer-reviewed journal is one of the essential components of developing a coherent and respected knowledge network. This is a reflection of the quality of the authors' activities and the institutions that support them. Articles that are evaluated by experts' opinions involve the scientific method, so it is very important to discuss the norms of ethical behavior in this field between all the parts involved in the publication process, i.e.: author, editor, reviewer, publisher. and the target community, there should be an agreement.

  1. The submitted manuscript or its content must not have been previously published in a journal or simultaneously submitted to another journal, and in case of acceptance in the journal, it must not be presented or published elsewhere.
  2. The preparation of the manuscript must be free from any malpractice, unethical act and violation of scientific norms, including falsifying data, distorting facts, plagiarism in presenting analysis or performing experiments and checking the opinions of others, or in expressing research results. If the members of the editorial board have a question regarding ethical matters, the author has the obligation to answer and the right to defend the verdict of the evidence and request a thorough and quick investigation.
  3. The list of authors should show exactly who did the research and who wrote the manuscript. It is necessary to mention the correspondent author and colleagues in the article and be careful in the absence of unrelated names. The correspondent author is the person who has contributed significantly to the preparation, preparation, design and implementation of the article, and the names of other authors are also mentioned as collaborators in the article, and the correspondent author is required to have the names and information of all authors and ensure the absence of names other than the authors of the article.
  4. The personal information of the authors of the articles is confidential for all those who have access to it, including the editor, editorial members, internal and executive director of the publication, and it is protected at all times.
  5. The manuscripts presented by the authors must be the work of the author presenting the article and if other people's research is used, it should be mentioned in the manuscript with the source.
  6. Decisions about the manuscripts are made under the supervision of the editorial board and through the appointment of qualified judges.
  7. The refereeing of all the received manuscripts is done by several referees without informing them of the names of the authors. The opinions of the judges will be announced to the author after the summary.
  8. The use of other people's research results should be done with reference and express written permission from the author.
  9. The members of the editorial board should not participate in making decisions about their works and articles.
  10. The refereeing process is the heart of the success of scientific publications. In order to carry out the refereeing process correctly and fairly, the secretariat is committed to helping the scientific community in all aspects of ethical publication and to the extent possible to identify and deal with violations such as plagiarism, redundancy, author deletion or adding an author is unfair.

Duties of Editors

  • Publication decision
  • Fair play
  • Confidentiality
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of interest
  • Involvement and cooperation in investigations

Duties of Reviewers

  • Contribution to Editorial Decision
  • Promptness
  • Confidentiality
  • Standards of Objectivity
  • Acknowledgement of Source
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Duties of Authors

  • Reporting standards
  • Data Access and Retention
  • Originality and Plagiarism
  • Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
  • Acknowledgement of Sources
  • Authorship of the Paper
  • Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
  • Fundamental errors in published works

Duties of the Publisher

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, we are working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary.

Plagiarism Detection

The peer review process is at the heart of the success of scientific publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, we have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism.



 Decision Trees:

  • Complaints about authorship
  • Plagiarism complaints
  • Republishing, duplicating or multiple publishing/simultaneous submission of articles to several publications
  • Summary of research results
  • Allegations of research errors and fraud
  • Violation of research standards
  • Undisclosed conflict of interest
  • Referee bias or harmful competitive activity by the referee
  • For the author to view the published article
  • For the author, note the suspected plagiarism in the submitted article


 Authorship of the Article:

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the concept, design, implementation or interpretation of a reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. If there are other people who participated in this project in other fields, they should be included in the acknowledgment section.

The correspondent author must make sure that all relevant colleagues and other collaborators have seen the article and approved the last version sent to the journal and also know about the submission of the article.


This policy talks about adding, deleting or moving the position of the authors' names in the accepted article.

Before the accepted article is published online:

Requests for adding, deleting, or moving the names of authors should be sent to the editor of the journal through the correspondent author and should include the following:

1- The reason for the change,

2- Confirming other authors through (letter, fax or email) that they agree to make changes.